The Quran prescribes Jizyah in a Jihadic verse, revealed about 631 A.D., i.e. about a year after the capture of Mecca by the Prophet in 630 A.D., envisaging compounding of refusal to embrace Islam by paying Jizyah.
Muhammad Marmaduke Pickthall translates the full verse thus: ‘Fight against such of those who have been given the Scripture as believe not in Allah nor the Last Day, and forbid not that which Allah hath forbidden by his messenger, and follow not the religion of truth, until they pay the tribute readily, being brought low.’
This represents the common run of translations of the verse by Muslims and non-Muslims alike. The verse so translated leaves the course of paying Jizyah, as alternative to conversion and death, open to the scripturaries, people of the book, only. And the Quran recognizes only two communities (ta’ ifatayn), viz. Jews and Christians, as scripturaries.
ISBN : 9788185990446; Publisher : Voice of India ; Pages 38;